Ympäristövaikutusten arviointi ja maallikon näkökulma

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Environmental Impact Assessment and the Layman's Point of View

In the authors' opinion, the layman's point of view is relevant for environmental impact assessment both as an empirical fact and as a normative rule. In a democratic society, neither political decision-makers nor industrialists can overlook the interests and desires of common people. More importantly, the layman's point of view involves fundamental ethical judgements concerning e.g. risk management. In determining the relative importance of contesting points of view, we are able to draw on the theory cognitivism which allows us to compare and evaluate different conceptualisations of reality, irrespective of whether we subscribe to an objectivist, subjectivist, or intersubjectivist theory of values.