Hyvinvoinnin eetos ja passiivisen väestön ongelma. Juutas Käkriäinen Pekka Kuusen 60-luvun sosiaalipolitiikan valossa

The Ethos of Welfare and the "Problem of Passive Population". Juutas Käkriäinen in the light of Pekka Kuusi's Social Policy for the 60's

Why Pekka Kuusi in his Social Policy for the 60's chooses Juutas Käkriäinen – a character of Joel Lehtonen's Putkinotko – to represent the improper citizen of the finnish welfare state? The first and most obvious answer is that Juutas is passive since Kuusi describes Juutas' form of life in a chapter "The Problem of Passive Population". Passivity is an improper trait of character for the citizen of a welfare state because of its economic unproductiveness. The most probable answer to the question why Juutas is excluded from the welfare state arises, however, from the perspective of power – to the extent that power signifies isolation and organisation of potentiality. The purpose of Kuusi's welfare state is to "mobilize the whole population" totally and permanently. It tries to isolate and organize all the potentialities of the population. However, inasmuch as Juutas "is what he is", as he actualises all potentialities in every act, as his essence (life) lies in his existence (form of life), power cannot isolate and organize – "mobilize" – his life. His life is not a form given to a life but rather a life, which is inseparable from its form. Juutas' form-of-life is a life in its fulfilled form and therefore an attempt to mobilize it does not signify welfare but pain. Since potentiality, which is not enacted and does not achieve its end, is – as Aristotle proves – the source of pain.

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