Oikea ja järjellinen: islam ja antiikin perintö

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The good and the just: Islam and the Classical tradition

The major Islamic philosophers were unanimous in thinking that the good and the just were objectively definable. Goodness was thought to involve an actualisation of potentialities; the just, that each existent assumes its rightful place. Both could be seen in the light of reason, which makes the philosopher the ideal lawgiver. However, not everyone is equipped to follow the deliberations of the philosopher-kind. This article examines some of the implications.