Filosofia ja sukupuoliero. Michèle Le Dœuff ja Luce Irigaray rakkaudesta

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Philosophy and Sexual Difference: Michèle Le Dœuff and Luce Irigaray on love

Michèle Le Dœuff and Luce Irigaray conceptualise the relationship of woman and philosophy as love. The problem lies in the indirect mode of the relationship, often realized through a masculine – imaginary or real – partner, who is The Philosopher of the couple. Le Dœuff suggests that the philosophical couple has to be transformed, on the one hand, by changing our notions of philosophy into something that is more open and self-reflective. On the other hand, women need to work inside the academic institutions, in peer groups for instance, and thus avoid the traps of private amateurship. This seems to mean that love either disappears, changes into friendship or is directed at the common task of striving for wisdom. On her part, Luce Irigaray's suggestion seems to be that our conception of love as well as of philosophy should be thought anew and this could happen only through sexual difference: by trying to articulate and live love between woman and man in a way that would make possible the love of wisdom and the rebirth of philosophy as a genuine dialogue. My conclusion is that although the positions of Le Dœuff and Irigaray differ remarkably in respect to the beginning of philosophy in plurality or in the couple, both reject the model of one subject as the starting point of philosophising. Thus they posit the question of sexual difference as a philosophical question of extreme importance.