Talous ja ympäristö

JANNE SÄYNÄJÄKANGAS: To see the forest for the trees: commensurability as an environmental issue

Commensurability is an important theme in the context of environmental issues. First, there is the axiological question of commensurability of value. Which is more important: the value of forest as a habitat for different species or its value as a source of timber? Second, the measurement of human environmental impact as numerical values is a matter of commensurability in an epistemological sense. Third, commensurability is also a feature of social processes. This article discusses these three forms of commensurability and their relationship (axiological, epistemological and social) in the context of environmental issues, and more specifically, the interplay of epistemological and ontological dimensions of commensurability in the context of the present debate on the forest harvesting levels in Finland.

HANNELE MÄKELÄ & MATIAS LAINE: Accounting and the natural environment

The article focuses on the relationship between accounting and the natural environment. As a powerful institution, accounting makes some issues calculable, visible and governable, while simultaneously neglecting and silencing others. For the longest time, accounting has focused almost exclusively on the financial transactions, and the registration and analysis thereof. As such, the natural environment as well as many of the impacts and issues related to it tend to be seen as being beyond the scope of accounting. In this paper we argue that accounting has an impact on the ways we come to think of and act on the natural environment, and thereby that it has also contributed to the worsening global environmental challenges.

PASI HEIKKURINEN, TONI RUUSKA & KRISTOFFER WILÉN Human as a part of nature: Ecological realism and sustainable economic organizing

Sustainable economic organizing, that is, how practices and actions regarding production and consumption are organized in a particular com- munity from an ecological and social perspective, involves understanding about nature. How nature is understood and perceived and how it is talked of affects both to extra-human relations (relations between humans and other beings) and intra-human relations (relations between humans). The central aim of this article is to articulate a perception and understanding of nature that could enable peaceful coexistence among humans and other species. We call this ecological realism. In this article, we also study ecological realism in relation to humanist and post-humanist perceptions of nature in contrast to the continuation of diverse life.

EEVA HOUTBECKERS & GALINA KALLIO: Economy through practice theories: self-reliant food procurement in households as the source of economic knowledge

Mainstream economic thinking has been criticized for disregarding the intrinsic relationship between economy and material reality. In this article, we utilize practice theories to produce knowledge about the economy in the spirit of a weak theory. In our analysis we use households' self-reliant food procurement as an illustrative case for exploring the economy.

We argue that the everyday embodied experiences of actors mirror the implicit economic order. Facing invisible structures and taken for granted conventions through practices of self- reliant food procurement makes further visible "the economy" that otherwise remains invisible. Our analysis shows that the question may not be primarily about choices of people, but rather, interdependencies between practices make some actions possible and others impossible.


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